The Lesvian paeonia (Paeonia mascula ssp mascula) thrives on all Eastern Aegean Islands (Lesvos, Chios, Samos) and on Mountain Elikon, while it has a wide distribution in the south and east Mediterranean Sea. The blossoming period lasts through spring time. It grows in open fir and chestnut forests and in ravines at altitudes between 400 and 1200 m.